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Now experts say low fat diets are BAD for you.

Balanced diet

low fat diet
Cutting back on butter, cream, cheese and other fatty foods is fuelling the obesity epidemic with disastrous consequences for health, experts have warned.
In a damning report that accuses major public health bodies of colluding with the food industry, the National Obesity Forum and the Public Health Collaboration said most of what we are told about healthy eating is wrong.
The report’s authors say the epidemic’s roots lie in the modern-day obsession with low-fat diets, while snacking between meals is making people fat.
And their highly controversial report – which has been slammed by many other experts – cites studies which show a higher-fat, lower-carb diet to be superior.
It states: ‘Eating a diet rich in full-fat dairy – such as cheese, milk and yoghurt – can actually lower the chance of obesity.
‘The most natural and nutritious foods available – meat, fish, eggs, dairy products, nuts, seeds, olives, avocados – all contain saturated fat.’
Low fat diets are fuelling the obesity epidemic, an obesity charity claims. People should stop counting calories and eat healthy fats like butter, cream, cheese, eggs, salmon, avocado and nuts, it said

Low fat diets are fuelling the obesity epidemic, an obesity charity claims. People should stop counting calories and eat healthy fats like butter, cream, cheese, eggs, salmon, avocado and nuts, it said
WHY SUGAR – NOT FAT – IS FUELLING OBESITY, CARDIOLOGIST CLAIMS
Currently, the Government says people in the UK eat too much saturated fat.
It says the average man should eat no more than 30g of saturated fat a day, while the average woman should eat no more than 20g a day.
A diet high in saturated fat can increase levels of ‘bad cholesterol’ in the blood, raising the risk of heart disease.
But recently, that risk has been disputed.
Writing in the British Medical Journal, cardiologist Dr Aseem Malhotra said saturated fat has been ‘demonised for decades’ and there is no evidence it is linked with heart disease.
In fact, we should be eating more saturated fat to protect our hearts, he said.
He says it is sugar, not fat, which was causing so many of society’s health problems.
Sugar causes a rise in blood sugar levels, which triggers a spike in insulin – the hormone which clears glucose from the blood.
But insulin is a storage hormone, encouraging extra calories to be laid down in the body as fat.
Therefore sugar and carbohydrates like white bread, pasta, rice and potatoes are fueling the obesity epidemic, he said.
Calling for a ‘major overhaul’ of dietary guidelines, today’s report claims:
* Processed foods labelled ‘low fat’, ‘lite’, ‘low cholesterol’ or ‘proven to lower cholesterol’ should be avoided at all costs
* People with type 2 diabetes should eat a fat-rich diet rather than one based on carbohydrates.
* Sugar should be avoided and we should stop counting calories.
* The idea that exercise can help you ‘outrun a bad diet’ is a myth.
* Instead, a diet low in refined carbohydrates but high in healthy fats is ‘an effective and safe approach for preventing weight gain and aiding weight loss’, and cuts the risk of heart disease.
* The report’s authors call for a return to ‘whole foods’ such as meat, fish and dairy, as well as high fat healthy foods including avocados, arguing that ‘eating fat does not make you fat’.
* Eating a diet rich in full fat dairy – such as cheese, milk and yoghurt – can actually lower the chance of obesity.
* Saturated fat does not cause heart disease, while full fat diary can actually protect the heart.
It states: ‘The most natural and nutritious foods available – meat, fish, eggs, dairy products, nuts, seeds, olive, avocados – all contain saturated fat.
‘The continued demonisation of omnipresent natural fat drives people away from highly nourishing, wholesome and health promoting foods.’
nuts

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Professor David Haslam, chairman of the National Obesity Forum, said: ‘As a clinician, treating patients all day every day, I quickly realised guidelines from on high, suggesting high carbohydrate, low fat diets were the universal panacea, were deeply flawed.
‘Current efforts have failed – the proof being that obesity levels are higher than they have ever been, and show no chance of reducing despite the best efforts of Government and scientists.’
Co-author of the report, Aseem Malhotra, is a founding member of the Public Health Collaboration – a charity made up of dietitians, scientists and doctors.
As a clinician, treating patients all day every day, I quickly realised guidelines from on high, suggesting high carbohydrate, low fat diets were the universal panacea, were deeply flawed
Professor David Haslam, chairman of the National Obesity Forum
He said promoting low-fat foods was ‘perhaps the biggest mistake in modern medical history resulting in devastating consequences for public health’.
‘Sadly this unhelpful advice continues to be perpetuated.
‘The current Eatwell guide from Public Health England is in my view more like a metabolic timebomb than a dietary pattern conducive for good health.
‘We must urgently change the message to the public to reverse obesity and type 2 diabetes.
‘Eat fat to get slim, don’t fear fat, fat is your friend. It’s now truly time to bring back the fat.’
Professor Iain Broom, from Robert Gordon University in Aberdeen, said in agreement: ‘The continuation of a food policy recommending high carbohydrate, low fat, low calorie intakes as ‘healthy eating’ is fatally flawed.
‘Our populations for almost 40 years, have been subjected to an uncontrolled global experiment that has gone drastically wrong.’
However the report has caused a huge backlash among the scientific community.
Co-author of the report, consultant cardiologist Aseem Malhotra said: ‘Eat fat to get slim, don’t fear it, fat is your friend. It’s now truly time to bring back the fat’
Co-author of the report, consultant cardiologist Aseem Malhotra said: ‘Eat fat to get slim, don’t fear it, fat is your friend. It’s now truly time to bring back the fat’
The controversial claims have been heavily criticised by other experts who accused the report’s authors of cherry picking evidence to suit their own arguments.
Professor Tom Sanders, of King’s College London, said: ‘The claim that eating fat doesn’t make you fat is absurd. If you eat a lot of fat, you will get fat.’
THE NEW ADVICE IN BRIEF
In a nutshell, the new advice states:
Eating a diet rich in full-fat dairy – such as cheese, milk and yoghurt – can actually lower the chance of obesity.
The most natural and nutritious foods available – meat, fish, eggs, dairy products, nuts, seeds, olives, avocados – all contain saturated fat.
And Professor John Wass, the Royal College of Physicians’ special adviser on obesity, said there was ‘good evidence that saturated fat increases cholesterol’.
He added: ‘What is needed is a balanced diet, regular physical activity and a normal healthy weight. To quote selective studies risks misleading the public.’
Professor Simon Capewell, from the Faculty of Public Health, added: ‘We fully support Public Health England’s new guidance on a healthy diet. Their advice reflects evidence-based science that we can all trust. It was not influenced by industry.
‘By contrast, the report from the National Obesity Forum is not peer reviewed.
‘Furthermore, it does not it indicate who wrote it or how is was funded. That is worrying.’
The most natural and nutritious foods available – meat, fish, eggs, dairy products, nuts, seeds, olives, avocados – all contain saturated fat, the report says
The most natural and nutritious foods available – meat, fish, eggs, dairy products, nuts, seeds, olives, avocados – all contain saturated fat, the report says
Dr Mike Knapton, associate medical director at the British Heart Foundation (BHF), said: ‘This report is full of ideas and opinion, however it does not offer the robust and comprehensive review of evidence that would be required for the BHF, as the UK’s largest heart research charity, to take it seriously.
‘This country’s obesity epidemic is not caused by poor dietary guidelines; it is that we are not meeting them.’
‘This report is full of ideas and opinion, however it does not offer the robust and comprehensive review of evidence that would be required for the UK’s largest heart research charity, to take it seriously
Dr Mike Knapton, associate medical director, British Heart Foundation
The row comes just two months after a landmark report in The Lancet revealed more than one in ten men and one in seven women around the globe are now obese.
And the situation is only set to get worse, with experts predicting almost a fifth of us will fall into this category within a decade.
The alarming statistics were part of the world’s biggest obesity study, which measured the height and weight of nearly 20 million adults.
It revealed there are currently 640 million obese people around the globe, comprising 266 million men and 375 million women.
Overall, the fattest men and women now live in China and the USA.
However the USA still has the highest number of severely obese men and women in the world.
In Britain, obesity rates are 28.4 per cent for women – the second highest in Europe behind only Malta – and 26.2 per cent for men, the worst in the continent.
And in a decade, it will be the fattest nation in Europe, with almost 40 per cent of adults obese.
Type 2 diabetes rates are soaring, fuelled by obesity, and the condition uses up a tenth of the NHS’s budget.
HEALTHY FATS AND WHY THEY ARE GOOD FOR US
A small amount of fat is an essential part of a healthy, balanced diet.
Fat is a source of essential fatty acids such as omega-3 – ‘essential’ because the body can’t make them itself.
Fat also helps the body absorb vitamins A, D and E.
There are different types of fat and some are better for us than others, the Government claims.
To cut the risk of heart disease, the Government recommends cutting the amount of saturated fat – found in meat and dairy products – with unsaturated fat.
Monounsaturated fats – such as those found in avocado, olive oil and nuts – help protect our hearts
Monounsaturated fats – such as those found in avocado, olive oil and nuts – help protect our hearts
There is good evidence that replacing saturated fats with unsaturated fats can help lower cholesterol, it says.
Found primarily in oils from plants, unsaturated fats can be either polyunsaturated or monounsaturated.
Monounsaturated fats help protect our hearts by maintaining levels of HDL cholesterol while reducing levels of LDL cholesterol.
Monounsaturated fats are found in:
olive oil, rapeseed oil and their spreads
avocados

327756BC00000578-0-image-a-66_1458677885409some nuts, such as almonds, brazils and peanuts
There are two types of polyunsaturated fats: omega-3 and omega-6.
Some types of omega-3 and omega-6 fats cannot be made by the body and are therefore essential in small amounts in the diet.
Omega-6 fats are found in vegetable oils such as rapeseed, corn, sunflower and some nuts.
Omega-3 fats are found in oily fish such as mackerel, kippers, herring, trout, sardines, salmon and fresh tuna.
Polyunsaturated fats can help lower the level of LDL cholesterol.
Too much LDL cholesterol can lead to fatty deposits developing in the arteries, which can restrict the flow of blood to the heart and brain, increasing the risk of

some nuts, such as almonds, brazils and peanuts
There are two types of polyunsaturated fats: omega-3 and omega-6.
Some types of omega-3 and omega-6 fats cannot be made by the body and are therefore essential in small amounts in the diet.
Omega-6 fats are found in vegetable oils such as rapeseed, corn, sunflower and some nuts.
Omega-3 fats are found in oily fish such as mackerel, kippers, herring, trout, sardines, salmon and fresh tuna.
Polyunsaturated fats can help lower the level of LDL cholesterol.
Too much LDL cholesterol can lead to fatty deposits developing in the arteries, which can restrict the flow of blood to the heart and brain, increasing the risk of heart disease and stroke.
Replacing saturated fats with polyunsaturated fats may also help reduce triglyceride levels.
Triglycerides are fatty substances mostly made by the liver.
High levels of triglycerides in the blood have also been linked with narrowing of the arteries.
Source: NHS Choices

Balanced diet

Scandal of the new ‘healthy eating’ guidelines that the food and drinks industry helped to develop
Today’s report also argued the science of food has been ‘corrupted by commercial influences’, with food industry representatives having a major influence on Public Health England’s Eatwell Guide.
As MailOnline reported at the time, the graphic was developed with members of the food and drinks industry, documents show.
The image for the Eatwell Guide, which was unveiled in March, was decided upon by a reference group made up of almost 50 per cent industry members.
These included the British Retail Consortium, the Food and Drink Federation, and the Institute of Grocery Distribution, whose members include Tesco, Sainsbury’s, Asda and Waitrose, as well as major food producers and brands.
The new Eatwell Guide, produced by Public Health England, was developed with members of the food and drinks industry, documents show
The new Eatwell Guide, produced by Public Health England, was developed with members of the food and drinks industry, documents show
The group also included representatives from the Association of Convenience Stores and the Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board (AHDB), which is funded by farmers and growers and supports the meat, dairy and potato industry.
Other members of the review group included health bodies such as Association for Nutrition and the British Nutrition Foundation.
HOW THE REVISED ‘HEALTHY EATING’ PLATE LOOKS NOW
The revised guide, issued in March, put high-fat and high-sugar foods outside the healthy eating ‘wheel’, with a warning to ‘eat less often and in small amounts’.
The dairy section was cut to almost half its previous size and replaced with pictures of several lower fat options.
The beans, pulses, fish, meat and eggs section remained the same size but advised people to ‘eat less red and processed meat’.
The guide also told consumers to eat ‘at least’ five portions of fruit and veg per day, while the section for potatoes, bread, rice, pasta and other starchy carbohydrates was beefed up to give a slightly bigger role for these foods.
A new oils and spreads section also urged people to ‘choose unsaturated oils and use in small amounts’, while people were also told to drink water, lower-fat milk or sugar-free drinks.
Criticism of PHE’s links with industry have been made in a new report from the National Obesity Forum and the Public Health Collaboration.
It is not the first time PHE’s association with industry has come under scrutiny.
Last year, experts in the British Medical Journal (BMJ) and The Lancet criticised the evidence used by PHE in its report on e-cigarettes.
Researchers questioned the robustness of the data and pointed to links between some experts, the tobacco industry and firms that manufacture e-cigarettes.
An editorial in The Lancet medical journal attacked the ‘extraordinarily flimsy foundation’ on which PHE based its major conclusion.
And in the BMJ, two further researchers said PHE’s claims that ‘the current best estimate is that e-cigarettes are around 95 per cent less harmful than smoking’ came from a single meeting of 12 people, some of whom had links to industry.
The external reference group for the Eatwell Guide met several times between 2014 and 2015.
Their terms of reference included revising the segment sizes for the Eatwell Plate, reviewing the visuals and ‘approaches for reflecting messages on foods that should be consumed in limited amounts’, the documents, seen by the Press Association following enquiries to PHE, show.
The eventual guide put high-fat and high-sugar foods outside the healthy eating ‘wheel’, with a warning to ‘eat less often and in small amounts’.
The dairy section was cut to almost half its previous size and replaced with pictures of several lower fat options.
The revised guide also told consumers to eat ‘at least’ five portions of fruit and veg per day, while the section for potatoes, bread, rice, pasta and other starchy carbohydrates was beefed up to give a slightly

Whole meal bread

The revised guide also told consumers to eat ‘at least’ five portions of fruit and veg per day, while the section for potatoes, bread, rice, pasta and other starchy carbohydrates was beefed up to give a slightly
The beans, pulses, fish, meat and eggs section remained the same size but advised people to ‘eat less red and processed meat’.
The guide also told consumers to eat ‘at least’ five portions of fruit and veg per day, while the section for potatoes, bread, rice, pasta and other starchy carbohydrates was beefed up to give a slightly bigger role for these foods.
The refresh of the Eatwell model was conducted openly using robust scientific approaches
Dr Alison Tedstone, chief nutritionist at Public Health England
A new oils and spreads section also urged people to ‘choose unsaturated oils and use in small amounts’, while people were also told to drink water, lower-fat milk or sugar-free drinks.
Dr Alison Tedstone, chief nutritionist at PHE, said decisions on the graphic were made separately to the nutritional recommendations underpinning them.
She said: ‘Our independent experts review all the available evidence – often hundreds of scientific papers – run full-scale consultations and go to great lengths to ensure no bias when developing our scientific advice on nutrition.
‘These recommendations are completely separate to the Eatwell model, which is a visual way of presenting the information.
‘The refresh of the Eatwell model was conducted openly using robust scientific approaches.
‘Advice was generated from an external reference group engaging interested stakeholders; including health, voluntary and industry representatives to ensure a wide range of views were considered.’

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New obesity INJECTION ‘triggers significant weight loss’:

Scientists developed a new treatment called bariatric arterial embolizaiton
It involves injecting small beads into the stomach to initiate weight loss
The beads help lower the levels of ghrelin – the hunger hormone
An early clinical trial proved it was effective for severely obese people
Scientists say the procedure is minimally invasive – and safe
By LISA RYAN FOR DAILYMAIL.COM

 

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Injecting microscopic beads into the stomach can minimize hunger and initiate weight loss, experts have revealed.
The minimally invasive treatment, known as bariatric arterial embolization, was developed by a team of Johns Hopkins University scientists.
The beads help lower levels of ghrelin – one of the main hormones involved in controlling hunger – in the stomach.
An early clinical trial found that the treatment is safe and effective in sustaining weight loss in severely obese people.
Scientists developed a weight loss treatment – called bariatric arterial embolization – that involves injecting microscopic beads into a person’s stomach to stave off hunger by reducing levels of a hormone called ghrelin

Scientists developed a weight loss treatment – called bariatric arterial embolization – that involves injecting microscopic beads into a person’s stomach to stave off hunger by reducing levels of a hormone called ghrelin
Dr Clifford Weiss, director of interventional radiology research at Johns Hopkins, said: ‘Obesity is a highly prevalent, detrimental and costly disease in the US and abroad.
‘The interventions currently available to treat this condition are behavioural modifications, diet and exercise, medications and invasive surgery.
‘We’re excited about the possibility of adding bariatric arterial embolization as another tool for health care providers to offer patients in the effort to curb this epidemic.’

The early phase of a clinical trial – called Bariatric Embolization of Arteries for the Treatment of Obesity (BEAT) – involved a team of weight loss physicians, physiologists, hormones specialists, gastroenterologists and more.
Six women and one man, between the ages of 31 and 59, enrolled in the trail.
Each of the participants were severely obese – with BMIs ranging from 40 to 50, far above the obesity threshold of a BMI of 30 – but were otherwise healthy.
Scientists tracked their weight loss, ghrelin levels, hunger and satiety assessments and adverse events at one, three and six months.
Each of the participants were educated on ways to change their diet and lifestyle before and after the procedure.
These early results demonstrate that bariatric arterial embolization is safe and appears to be effective in helping patients lose a significant amount of weight in a short and intermediate term
Dr Clifford Weiss, of Johns Hopkins
They then underwent bariatric arterial embolization – which involves the injection of microscopic beads through a small catheter injected in a small nick in the skin of the groin or wrist.
The beads are targeted to a portion of the stomach, called the fundus – which produces the majority of the body’s ghrelin – known as the ‘hunger hormone’.
The scientists hypothesized that the beads would decrease blood flow and limit the secretion of ghrelin, which would, in turn, minimize hunger and initiate weight loss.
All of the patients demonstrated weight loss and ‘dramatic hunger reduction levels’ following the procedure.
They had an average excess weight loss – the percentage of pounds lost above the patient’s ideal body weight – of 5.9 per cent at one month, 9.5 per cent at three months and 13.3 per cent at six months.
Furthermore, the participants reported an average 81 per cent, 59 per cent and 26 per cent decrease in hunger/appetite score at two weeks, one months and three months, respectively.
Their perceived sensation of hunger throughout the day was assessed through appetite and satiety questionnaires, which were completed for six days before the procedure and for six consecutive days before each follow-up visit.
Scientists also found that the patients had an average 17.5 per cent decrease in ghrelin levels at three months.
A clinical trial found that severely obese participants had a 26 per cent decreased hunger score after three months, as well as a 17.5 per cent decrease in ghrelin levels at that time

A clinical trial found that severely obese participants had a 26 per cent decreased hunger score after three months, as well as a 17.5 per cent decrease in ghrelin levels at that time
Dr Weiss said: ‘These early results demonstrate that bariatric arterial embolization is safe and appears to be effective in helping patients lose a significant amount of weight in a short and intermediate term.
‘Compared to a surgical gastric bypass procedure, bariatric arterial embolization is significantly less invasive and has a much shorter recovery time.’
The research is still in the early stages, but the trial demonstrated the safety of the procedure, according to the doctor.
Further clinical trials are needed to evaluate larger numbers of patients to determine efficacy and durability over time.
Dr Weiss said: ‘As this study expands and includes more patients both at Johns Hopkins, and now at Mount Sinai Health System in New York, we are able to gain more insight into the effectiveness of bariatric arterial embolization and the role interventional radiology can play in the critical battle against obesity.’
The findings were presented at the Society for Interventional Radiology Annual Scientific Meeting in Vancouver, Canada.

32DEC15A00000578-3524718-image-a-3_1459868640860

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Waitrose home for healthy foods

Cucamelons are not modified, have grown naturally in Mexico for centuries
Can be eaten straight from plant, tossed with olives or popped in a martini
The plants will be available to purchase from Wednesday for £4
By SEAN POULTER FOR THE DAILY MAIL

2971569700000578-0-Cucamelon_plants_and_Indigo_Rose_tomato_plants_go_on_sale_in_50_-m-3_1459899190283
It looks like a watermelon but is the size of a grape and tastes something like a cross between a cucumber and a lime.
The tiny cucamelon is not some genetically modified laboratory creation, but rather an import which originated in the wilds of Mexico thousands of years ago.
And now, it has reached the high street as a grow-your-own plant alongside tomatoes, cucumbers and lettuce.
Cucamelon plants and Indigo Rose tomato plants go on sale in 50 Waitrose branches costing £4 a pot

Cucamelon plants and Indigo Rose tomato plants go on sale in 50 Waitrose branches costing £4 a pot
Waitrose is to offer pots of the vines that produce the cucamelons as part of a wider collection of plants that can be grown on a windowsill, tub or a vegetable plot.
The cucamelon plants have been grown by Suttons Seeds in Yorkshire and are part of a range created by James Wong, the Kew-trained botanist, science writer and author of the book Homegrown Revolution.
It also includes several salad tomato varieties, sweetcorn, cucumber and peppers, including the powerful Scotch Bonnet chilli.
.

1941DCEF000005DC-0-image-a-2_1459899047036
Mr Wong said: ‘The cucamelons can be eaten straight off the plant, or tossed with olives, slivers of pepper and a dousing of olive oil for a quirky snack with drinks – or even popped in a martini.’
The versatile plants can be grown easily and in the same way as a regular cucumber.
And there is no need for the cover of a greenhouse as long as there isn’t a risk of frost.
The cucamelon, which has the Latin name Melothria scabra, is a vine grown for its edible fruit which originated in Mexico and Central America.
Other common names include sandiita or little watermelon, mouse melon, Mexican sour gherkin, Mexican miniature watermelon and Mexican sour cucumber.
They are pest and drought resistant and, in theory, the slow-growing vines can eventually grow up to ten feet under proper conditions.
Range-creator James Wong said: ‘The cucamelons can be eaten straight off the plant, or tossed with olives, slivers of pepper and a dousing of olive oil for a quirky snack – or even popped in a martini.’

Range-creator James Wong said: ‘The cucamelons can be eaten straight off the plant, or tossed with olives, slivers of pepper and a dousing of olive oil for a quirky snack – or even popped in a martini.’
Victoria Mason, Waitrose outdoor plant buyer, said: ‘We know that, after cooking, gardening is our customers’ favourite hobby, so we wanted to introduce something a little bit out of the ordinary that they can grow and enjoy.
‘This fun fruit is easy to grow so is the perfect plant for all ages to try their hand at gardening.
‘The new James Wong range shows you don’t have to stick with the traditional when growing your own vegetables and offers some exciting new additions for our customers’ gardens.’
The plants will be available from wednesday and will be in the majority of Waitrose branches by the end of April.
They are priced at £4 and are on a 3 for £10 mix and match offer along with other grow-your-old plants in the range.

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How sunbathing can LOWER your levels of vitamin D: Getting too much of a tan ‘stops the body producing nutrient’ Read more:

vitamin D: Getting too much of a tan ‘stops the body producing nutrient’
Vitamin D is created under the skin when we are exposed to sunlight
New study found too much sunbathing can lower levels in the body
Experts think pigment released when we tan blocks production of vitamin
Study found people exposed to sun with very brown skin were deficient
By MADLEN DAVIES FOR MAILONLINE

32E4ED8800000578-3526056-image-a-8_1459935524839
View comments
We’re told to spend short bursts in the sun to top up our body’s levels of vitamin D.
But a new study has found sunbathing for too long could actually lower levels of the vitamin in the body.
Surprisingly, people exposed to the sun on a daily basis and who have very brown skin are deficient in vitamin D, researchers revealed.
They believe the pigment released when we tan – which turns our skin brown – may block the production of nutrient in the skin.
Sunbathing for hours might lower levels of vitamin D in the body, a study has found. Researchers said the pigment released when we tan – which turns our skin brown ¿ may block the production of nutrient in the skin
+2
Sunbathing for hours might lower levels of vitamin D in the body, a study has found. Researchers said the pigment released when we tan – which turns our skin brown – may block the production of nutrient in the skin
Vitamin D is essential for healthy bones, and a deficiency can cause bones to become soft and weak, which can lead to bone deformities.
In children, a lack of vitamin D can lead to scurvy, while in adults, it can lead to osteomalacia, which causes bone pain and tenderness.
While we get some vitamin D from some foods, including oily fish, meat and eggs, our body creates most of it from direct sunlight on our skin.
And a 2010 British Medical Journal clinical review found that vitamin D deficiency can increase the risk of developing heart disease, bowel and breast cancer, multiple sclerosis and diabetes.
In light of this, in the UK, groups at risk of vitamin D deficiency are given supplements.
RELATED ARTICLES

Researchers from the University of Pernambuco Medical School wanted to know if people with tanned skin were less likely to be deficient.
As part of the study, they examined nearly 1,000 people from Recife, Brazil, who were between 13 and 82 years old.
They all were exposed to the sun every day but did not use suncream and did not take vitamin D supplements.
Researchers used the Fitzpatrick skin phototype scale, a measure used by dermatologists to rate a person’s skin type and colour.
Using this scale they assessed how different skin types responded to the UV light found in sunlight.
Vitamin D is essential for healthy bones, and a deficiency can cause bones to become soft and weak, which can lead to bone deformities. Pictured is an X-ray of a child with scurvy

32E4F62F00000578-3526056-Vitamin_D_is_essential_for_healthy_bones_and_a_deficiency_can_ca-a-15_1459936397968
Vitamin D is essential for healthy bones, and a deficiency can cause bones to become soft and weak, which can lead to bone deformities. Pictured is an X-ray of a child with scurvy
Usually, higher scores on the Fitzpatrick scale indicate a person has a darker skin tone and is more likely to tan rather than burn in the sun.
The team also calculated a ‘sun index’ for each person – by multiplying the number of hours they spent in the sun every week by the amount of their body’s skin they exposed.
Then, researchers compared people’s ‘sun index’ score and their skin type with how much vitamin D they had in their blood.
Overall, 72 per cent of people were deficient in vitamin D.
Those lacking in this nutrient tended to be older and spend less time in the sun.
However, surprisingly, they found many people with very high daily exposure to the sun also had lower than average vitamin D levels.
The study’s lead author Dr Francisco Bandeira, of the University of Pernambuco Medical School, said the findings suggest skin tanning, which occurs to protect the skin against the harmful effects of UV rays, stops levels of vitamin D rising in the blood.
The research was presented at the annual meeting of the Endocrine Society, in Boston.

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22 NEW CANCER RESEARCH PROJECTS IN 13 COUNTRIES GIVEN THE GO-AHEAD

 

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Our first grant award meeting of 2016 took place this month in Edinburgh. In total 360 applications were received from scientists across the world, and each was scrutinized by our expert panel of 24 cancer researchers from around Europe. We were pleased to award £4.1 million to 22 new projects that will kick start from 1st June this year. A huge amount of work goes on behind the scenes to make these grants happen and give researchers the resources they need to get them closer to the answers to cancer. Chief Executive, Dr Helen Rippon, gave an interview about why we do what we do. Listen here.

LEGACY GIVING IS NOT FOR YOU. RIGHT?

100% Legacy giving is not for you, it’s for future generations. It’s for your children and grandchildren, so they can live in a world where cancer is just a word and where everyone diagnosed has the expectation of treatment and cure. If that’s a future you’d like to have a hand in, you can – by making a gift of any amount in your Will. All we’re asking today is that you take a look…

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CELEBRATING INTERNATIONAL WOMEN’S DAY

Tuesday 8th March was International Women’s Day and we celebrated the female cancer researchers working in our projects around the world. We spoke to Dr Anna Git from the University of Cambridge, who is researching breast cancer with the help of funding from Worldwide Cancer Research.

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PRUDENTIAL RIDE LONDON

Participants in the Prudential RideLondon-Surrey 100 pass through Parliament Square on their way to the finish on The Mall. Prudential RideLondon is the worldís greatest festival of cycling, involving 95,000+ cyclists ñ from Olympic champions to a free family fun ride - riding in five events over closed roads in London and Surrey over the weekend of 1st and 2nd August 2015. Photo: Thomas Lovelock for Prudential RideLondon See www.PrudentialRideLondon.co.uk for more. For further information: Penny Dain 07799 170433 pennyd@ridelondon.co.uk
Participants in the Prudential RideLondon-Surrey 100 pass through Parliament Square on their way to the finish on The Mall. Prudential RideLondon is the worldís greatest festival of cycling, involving 95,000+ cyclists ñ from Olympic champions to a free family fun ride – riding in five events over closed roads in London and Surrey over the weekend of 1st and 2nd August 2015.
Photo: Thomas Lovelock for Prudential RideLondon
See www.PrudentialRideLondon.co.uk for more.
For further information: Penny Dain 07799 170433
pennyd@ridelondon.co.uk

Would you like to take part in one of the world’s top cycling events? We have a limited number of charity places left for the RideLondon-Surrey 100, and we’d love to have you on our team! Join 20,000 cyclists for a ride like no other, taking in the sights of London and Surrey—all on closed roads! Become a Team Worldwide Cancer Research cycling hero today. For any enquiries, please email RebeccaD@worldwidecancerresearch.org

 

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PROSTATE CANCER AWARENESS MONTH

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March is Prostate Cancer Awareness month. We are currently funding prostate cancer projects in the United States, UK, The Netherlands, Australia and Finland. Visit our interactive world map of projects to find out more.

PLEASE DONATE NOW

 

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Louise Thompson: How to stop negative people from bursting your bubble

Email Louise
@FlexHappy
Louise Thompson ‘s Opinion
Inspirational advice to rock your life with energy, passion, happiness and balance.
Louise Thompson: How to stop negative people from bursting your bubble

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Health & Wellbeing Life & Style Life & Style comment… Louise Thompson Opinion
Just because someone else thinks it’s a bad idea does not mean it’s a bad idea. Photo / iStock
Just because someone else thinks it’s a bad idea does not mean it’s a bad idea. Photo / iStock
You know when you have that great plan to quit your job and start your own business (yay!), or move across the country for a new life (yay!), build your own house (yay!), or give online dating a crack after many years solo (yay!) and you are all excited about it, then a well-meaning friend or rellie pours a heap of cold water over it. How it’s never going to work. It’s a stupid plan. What are you thinking? Do you not realise just how wrong that could go? It’s really risky. You obviously haven’t thought it through.

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Mother with bowel cancer: Vitamin C helped me

Cancer cellsFive months ago, Natalee Lawson was told by her doctor to “go home and be comfortable”.

The bowel cancer patient interpreted that as: “We can’t do anything, wait till something happens and maybe that will be the end. Cancer has taken over, you can’t do anything.”

Tumours had spread to her liver, lungs, chest and a spot between the spine and an artery.

But this month, a CT scan showed the original tumours in her chest, lung and near her spine were gone, although a new one, 6mm long, had appeared on one lung.

The 35-year-old mother-of-two from Morrinsville, who the Herald originally spoke to in November, plans to return to her job as a lab worker at Fonterra’s Waitoa factory in May, starting at two hours a day.

She puts the disappearance of tumours down to controversial high-dose vitamin C infusions.

Mrs Lawson was diagnosed with bowel cancer on March 9 last year, her 10th wedding anniversary. She began the $195 infusions and has had two doses most weeks since.

In October, after finishing chemotherapy, she severely restricted her diet on the advice of her Hamilton vitamin provider, giving up wheat, dairy foods, sugar and red meat.

That’s when her oncologist told her to go home and be comfortable.

“I wasn’t happy with that. I can’t sit at home and wait to die.”

She pushed for surgery to remove the tumours, ringing “until I found someone to do the surgery for me”.

“He spoke to my oncologist. She still said ‘No, Natalee does not need it’. But we ended up doing it anyway because it was in a private [hospital].”

Cancerous liver was removed in December and in January the bowel tumour was taken out.

“I truly believe it’s the vitamin C and the diet that Dr Bill Reeder put me on. I don’t think I would still be here without it. For some people it’s not going to work. If it doesn’t stop cancer cells, it boosts your immune system and gives you more energy.”

Her oncologist has told her to expect cancer to return at some stage, but Nat is grabbing hold of life.

“My boy [Harper, 8, her eldest] said, ‘Everything’s back to normal now Mum,’ and I said, ‘Yeah, we’re getting there’.”

Bowel Cancer New Zealand spokeswoman Mary Bradley said many bowel cancer patients have vitamin C infusions.

“Bowel Cancer NZ supports patients exploring different treatment options in conjunction with their medical team’s plan.”

Oncologist and Cancer Society medical director Dr Chris Jackson said he can neither recommend high-dose vitamin C nor dissuade patients from having it because of the “conflicting evidence”.

Although many people report feeling better after having it, no good-quality trials in patients have found a therapeutic benefit and there is a risk of kidney failure.

Health researcher Dr Shaun Holt, who has written a book assessing alternative and complementary cancer therapies, notes there is also a risk the high doses will reduce the effectiveness of radiation therapy.

But Otago University scientist Professor Margreet Vissers, who is raising money for study to find the optimal intravenous dose, has reported that bowel surgery patients whose tumours contain higher levels of vitamin C live longer without cancer relapse than those with lower levels.

A registered medical practitioner, Dr Reeder abides by the Medicines Act requirement to avoid making therapeutic claims which have not been approved by the Health Minister through the evidence-based drug-licensing system. “It [vitamin C] is registered as a medicine but not as a cancer treatment, so we don’t claim evidence it will treat cancer.”

The main effect he observes is an immediate improvement in people’s quality of life.

High-dose vitamin C infusions for cancer
• A controversial alternative therapy.

• Christchurch-based study found cancer tissue grew more slowly if it had higher levels of vitamin C.

• No well-designed clinical trials have shown a therapeutic benefit in cancer patients.

• Many bowel cancer patients pay privately for the infusions.

• Nat Lawson says it has kept her alive.

– NZ Herald

Read more by Martin Johnston Email Martin JohnstonEmailPrint

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From pumpkin seeds to coconut water and cherries, we reveal the 9 foods and nutrients that will help you sleep better Read more: http:

As well as leaving you in a bad mood, lack of sleep is bad for your health
Nutritionists reveal what you eat can have a big impact on how you sleep
They list the 9 foods and nutrients that are essential to a good night’s kip
By LIZZIE PARRY FOR DAILYMAIL.COM

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Meditation, picking up a good book, even counting sheep.
All are remedies that are said to help you switch off and drift off to the land of nod.
As well as sparking an irritable mood and general feelings of misery, a lack of sleep is detrimental to a person’s health.
Countless studies have warned of the dangers of not getting between six to eight hours sleep a night – generally accepted as the gold standard in sleep terms.
Research has linked sleep disorders to life-threatening conditions including heart disease, stroke and diabetes.
But, as well as relaxation techniques and ditching your blue-light emitting smartphone and tablet, there is another way to maximise the chances of getting a good night’s sleep.
Nutritionists purport the benefits of a healthy diet, including key food groups packed with snooze-inducing nutrients and vitamins.
Here we reveal the eight foods the experts advise you eat to sleep tight each night.
As well as leaving you in a bad mood, a lack of sleep has been linked to a number of health conditions, including heart disease
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As well as leaving you in a bad mood, a lack of sleep has been linked to a number of health conditions, including heart disease
Here nutritionists reveal the nine foods and nutrients that can help you sleep better

Here nutritionists reveal the nine foods and nutrients that can help you sleep better
1. SLOW-RELEASE CARBS
Carbohydrates that slowly release energy into the body, such as oats or oatcakes, and brown rice, can help transform a person’s sleep pattern.
Nutritionist Cassandra Barns, said: ‘Slow-releasing carbohydrates such as whole grains help to keep the levels of sugar (glucose) in your blood stable, and so provide your body with sustained energy.
‘You may not think you need much energy while you’re asleep, but your brain and body still need glucose to keep working.
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‘If levels fall too low, this can cause the release of the hormones adrenaline and cortisol, which can wake you up.’
To avoid a rude awakening mid-way through the night, Ms Barns said ensure you stock the cupboards with slow-releasing carbohydrates, a serving of brown rice or a slice of rye bread with dinner, for example.
‘If you have your last meal a long time before going to bed, try eating a half-size bowl of porridge or a couple of oatcakes with nut butter later in the evening,’ she added.
‘Note, sugary foods and refined white carbohydrates can have the opposite effect, as they quickly enter and leave the bloodstream, leaving your blood low in glucose again after only a short period of time.’
Slow-releasing carbohydrates such as whole grains help to keep the levels of sugar (glucose) in your blood stable, and so provide your body with sustained energy, Cassandra Barns said

Foods that are high in protein provide the amino acid tryptophan, which converts into the hormones serotonin and melatonin – both of which aid sleep

 

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2. PROTEIN
High protein foods, such as meat, fish, beans and lentils, seeds and nuts are also vital in helping promote a better night’s sleep.
Shona Wilkinson, head nutritionist at www.nutricentre.com, said: ‘Protein foods provide the amino acid, tryptophan, which converts into the hormones serotonin and melatonin.
‘Melatonin in particular is needed for good sleep.’
She advises a good portion of protein is about 0.8 to 1g per kg of body weight, each day.
So, a woman who weighs 50kg, for example, should eat between 40 and 50g of protein a day.
‘Avoid too much high-protein food in the last few hours before bed however, as they can be hard to digest – especially red meat and nuts,’ Ms Wilkinson warned.

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3. PUMPKIN SEEDS
Pumpkin seeds are high in natural magnesium, making them beneficial to those people who struggle to drift off each night.
‘One of the roles of magnesium is allowing the muscle fibres in our body to relax,’ explained Dr Marilyn Glenville, one of the UK’s leading nutritionists and author of the Natural Health Bible for Women.
‘It counteracts calcium, which causes muscles to contract.
‘It is also thought that magnesium has a role in the normal function of the pineal gland, which produces melatonin – a hormone that regulates the sleep-wake cycle and helps us to fall asleep.’
Dr Glenville advises trying one to two tablespoons of pumpkin seeds a day, adding them to sugar-free yoghurt or salads, or grinding them up and adding them to porridge.
‘Other raw seeds and nuts are also good sources of magnesium, as are leafy green vegetables,’ she added.
Pumpkin seeds sprinkled on salads or ground up and added to smoothies can help send you off to the land of nod. Their secret? They are high in magnesium, experts said
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Pumpkin seeds sprinkled on salads or ground up and added to smoothies can help send you off to the land of nod. Their secret? They are high in magnesium, experts said
Coconut water is an excellent source of electrolyte minerals – potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorous and sodium. Balanced levels of these minerals are necessary to maintain normal muscle action. And so deficiencies can cause cramping and restless legs at night

Coconut water is an excellent source of electrolyte minerals – potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorous and sodium. Balanced levels of these minerals are necessary to maintain normal muscle action. And so deficiencies can cause cramping and restless legs at night
Cherries have been found to contain small amounts of melatonin, the hormone that regulates our sleep cycles

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Cherries have been found to contain small amounts of melatonin, the hormone that regulates our sleep cycles
Research shows cherries greatly improve sleep efficiency

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The truth about a glass of wine a day

Glass of wine

It may be the news most of us don’t want to hear. Despite countless stories about our favourite tipple having health benefits, and moderate drinking helping us live longer, a new study has sadly put those previous findings in doubt.

A team of scientists from the University of Victoria, Canada, have gone through 87 previous studies with a fine-toothed comb, and found the evidence in favour of moderate drinking to be riddled with flawed conclusions.

The Canadian research team found some of the previous studies drew from groups of alcohol abstainers who were in poor health due to former heavy drinking, or who did not drink due to exiting health issues. This created an abstainer bias that made all moderate drinkers look healthy in comparison.

Previous studies were found to be based on shaky, insignificant evidence and, according to Dr Tim Stockwell, director of UV’s Centre for Addictions Research, linked moderate drinking to “an implausibly wide range’ of health benefits.”

In some of the previous research, moderate drinkers were shown to have lower risks of deafness and liver cirrhosis, as well as better overall health, than people that abstained from drinking.

Previous studies have defined moderate drinking as a couple of standard alcoholic drinks per day, which has now been labelled as a “biologically insignificant” amount. Meaning the moderate drinkers were not ingesting enough alcohol to have any impact on their health.

After the Canadian reasearchers corrected their studies to account for the abstainer biases, moderate drinkers were shown to have no advantage over those who shunned alcohol.

Only 13 of the 87 analysed studies avoided biasing the non-drinking group, and only 6 of the previous studies were considered high quality, the UV researchers discovered.

While the latest research did not look at the claim that certain types of alcohol had more health benefits than others, Dr Stockwell believes that line of thinking is false too.

“If that were the case, it would be unlikely that the alcohol content itself deserved the credit.”

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8 Exotic Superfoods to Boost Your Immune System

Acia berries

Extracts from acai berries may destroy cancer cells, particularly those associated with leukemia.
Acai berries (pronounced ah-sigh-ee) are grown on the palm trees in the Amazon rainforest of northern Brazil. The name of the game with acai berries is pure antioxidant and nutrient power.

They fight leukemia. A well-known study, done by the University of Florida, found that extracts of the acai berry destroyed human cancer cells grown in a lab. More studies are needed to confirm its effects, but this step is definitely in the right direction.

They reduce inflammation. One of the best things that acai berries can do for you, due to the large amounts of anthocyanins they contain, is reduce inflammation associated with chronic diseases. Heart disease, cancer, diabetes, arthritis, fatigue syndromes, digestive discomforts, aches, and pains are all helped by reducing inflammation.

They shield your heart against disease. The pulp of acai berries has deep healing agents that contain antioxidants and fiber that reduces cholesterol — and keeps your digestive system healthy to boot!

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Four mistakes you’re making each morning

Four mistakes you’re making each morning

By Michelle Pellizzon

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Relying on an alarm means your body doesn’t wake up naturally. Photo / Getty
Relying on an alarm means your body doesn’t wake up naturally. Photo / Getty
One thing that some of the most successful people in business, art, and politics all have in common? They have a regular morning routine.

But here’s the thing: The decisions you make in the morning can either set you up for success and encourage you to make healthy choices for the rest of your waking hours or seriously sabotage your overall wellness. Read on to find out if you’re accidentally making things harder for yourself – and what you should be doing instead.

Problem: Hitting the snooze button
Realising that you can stay bundled under the covers for a few more minutes always feels like a gift – but whether you snooze one, two, or 10 times, you’re really messing with your body’s sleep cycle. Instead of helping you feel more rested and easing you into the day, those extra few minutes of sleep actually leave you feeling groggy and tired.

Why? For starters, relying on an alarm means that your body doesn’t wake up naturally, which throws off your circadian rhythm.

The circadian rhythm is basically your internal “clock”, which follows roughly a 24-hour cycle and tells your body when to sleep, wake up, and so on.

It triggers feelings of sleepiness at night and wakes you up in the morning once you’ve gotten enough rest. Getting jolted awake by a shrill iPhone alarm disrupts the body’s natural flow and throws you off for the rest of the day.

And according the National Sleep Foundation in the US, the sleep that you do get during that short window of snoozing isn’t high-quality stuff. Snoozing can result in sleep inertia, a feeling of grogginess and disorientation that occurs after you wake up from a short period of sleep and can last for hours.

Finally, getting enough sleep is imperative for regulation of ghrelin and leptin, the two hormones that control hunger and cravings. Ghrelin is the “hunger hormone” that sends signals to your brain to let you know you need food, and leptin is responsible for telling your body that you’re sated so it doesn’t need to feel hungry. When sleep-deprived, leptin drops by 15 per cent while ghrelin spikes 15 per cent, meaning that you’ll feel more hungry, but when you do eat, you don’t feel as full.

Solution: Set your alarm later

It’s possible to train yourself to wake up as the sun rises, but for most of us that’s not realistic. Your best bet is to set the alarm for a little later and skip the snooze. Seems like a no-brainer, but instead of setting your alarm for 6am and planning on snoozing for another hour, just wake up at 7am! It won’t be such a struggle to pull yourself out of bed because you’ll have had an extra hour of deep sleep.

Problem: Checking your phone from bed in the a.m.
A whopping 71 per cent of people copped to sleeping with or next to their smartphones – a habit that not only messes with how quickly you fall asleep, but can also have repercussions the next morning.

Spending a few minutes scrolling through your newsfeed, checking out the latest sales that hit your inbox, and responding to work emails well before you’ve made it to the office can actually cause a spike in anxiety and reduce your ability to focus throughout the day.

According to productivity expert Sid Savara, checking email first thing in the morning signifies that you don’t have a “clear list of priorities”, and you’re more likely to get caught up in busy work than actually accomplish all the things you’d like to. Instead of taking some time to think about tackling your to-do list, you hit the ground running – which leads to a more chaotic day.

Solution: Swap screen time for Zen time

Instead of using your first waking moments to scan Instagram, take 10 minutes to breathe and meditate. Scientific studies show that regular meditation can reduce anxiety levels, encourage “big picture” thinking and a positive outlook overall, and improve the ability to concentrate.

Problem: Skipping breakfast and relying on coffee
Replacing cereal or toast with coffee to cut calories and keep your energy up might seem like a smart idea, but it might actually sabotage your weight-loss goals.

And it’s not for the reason you think – contrary to popular belief, eating breakfast doesn’t kickstart your metabolism. Studies show zero difference in calories burned in one day in people who skip breakfast versus those that eat breakfast. On the flip side, drinking coffee does actually increase your metabolism.

But when you’re relying on caffeine alone – especially when you’re stressed – to power through your work or make it through the morning, it can increase the production of the hormone cortisol. Too much cortisol can result in extra belly fat, lowered immune function, and impaired cognition – exactly the opposite of the reason you’re skipping out on breakfast.

Solution: Find an on-the-go option that energises and satiates

Grabbing a cup of coffee to wake up is OK, but make sure you give your body a little fuel. A protein shake, nutrition bar, or even a piece of toast with almond butter are all relatively low in calories but have enough macronutrients to keep you both energised and relaxed under pressure.

Problem: Skimping on sleep for morning workouts
You drag yourself out of bed for your scheduled morning spin class despite the bags under your eyes – we have to admire your dedication. But do you ever wonder when your workout stops being worth your while?

If you’re sleep-deprived, it does your body more harm than good. Chronic sleep deprivation – or getting six hours or less a night on a regular basis – actually makes gym sessions less effective and can cause injury. Studies show that not only do tired athletes move more slowly, their balance and motor function is impaired. On a cellular level, the bodies of sleep-deprived people are more inflamed, can’t repair their muscles as well, and are more likely to succumb to overtraining syndrome – which can be catastrophic if you’re working long-term towards a big race or event.

Solution: Skip it

One night of bad sleep isn’t enough to wreck the effects of a great workout. But if you’ve only racked up five hours of sleep a night for a few weeks, you’ll do yourself more good by getting extra rest.

– news.com.au

By Michelle Pellizzon EmailPrint

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The 8 week diet that can reverse diabetes

 

GettyImages-164814714_620x310A crash diet lasting just eight weeks can reverse type 2 diabetes, experts have found.

Even people who had suffered with diabetes for a decade saw their condition eradicated after they restricted their eating for two months.

And six months after stopping the diet, participants in the Newcastle University trial were still free of the disease, suggesting that the condition had effectively been reversed.

The findings described last night as a “paradigm shift” in the understanding of diabetes could lead to a cheap way of dealing with the problem that affects 3.6million people in Britain. More than 257, 000 New Zealanders live with the disease.

Type 2 diabetes occurs either when the body does not produce enough insulin to control the blood sugar ñ or the cells donít react to it. The condition is often linked to obesity and usually occurs in middle age, coming with a risk of limb amputations, heart attacks and vision loss.

Experts used to think that once the disease had taken hold, it was incurable. But a growing body of evidence suggests that losing weight could reverse the condition. Scientists think that this is because removing fat from the pancreas allows insulin production to return to normal, eradicating the problem at the root of the disease.

Now, a British trial has suggested that the condition could not only be reversible but that the reverse could come in a matter of weeks.

Study leader Professor Roy Taylor said: “The bottom line is that if a person really wants to get rid of their type 2 diabetes, they can lose weight, keep it off and return to normal.”

In his trial, diabetics who ate just 700 calories a day made up of three diet shakes a day and some vegetables ñ lost an average of two stone (14kg) in eight weeks. Of the 30 participants, 12 saw their diabetes reversed.

The participants then gradually increased their eating to healthy levels, a third less on average than they ate before the trial. When they were reassessed six months later, none of the participants had put back the weight, and none of those whose diabetes had been reversed had seen the diabetes return.

Though the volunteers remained overweight, they had lost enough weight to remove the fat from the pancreas and allow normal insulin production to resume.

The authors, writing in the Diabetes Care medical journal, said: “Type 2 diabetes has reached epidemic proportions. The personal cost is enormous in terms of visual loss, amputation, and premature cardiovascular disease.

“The inevitably progressive nature of the disease has appeared beyond question. At diagnosis, patients are advised to accept having a lifelong disease.”

But they said their results showed that this approach had been incorrect. “Type 2 diabetes can now be understood to be a metabolic syndrome potentially reversible by substantial weight loss, and this is an important paradigm shift.”

Professor Taylor said: “What we have shown is that it is possible to reverse your diabetes, even if you have had the condition for a long time, up to around ten years. If you have had the diagnosis for longer than that, don’t give up hope ñ major improvement in blood sugar control is possible.

“The study also answered the question people often ask me ‘if I lose the weight and keep the weight off, will I stay free of diabetes?’ The simple answer is yes!

“Interestingly, even though all our volunteers remained obese or overweight, the fat did not drift back to clog up the pancreas.”

His team thinks that each person has a “personal fat threshold” and if they surpass this their body can no longer properly regulate blood sugar levels. The professor said: “If a person gains more weight than they personally can tolerate, then diabetes is triggered, but if they then lose that amount of weight then they go back to normal.

“Individuals vary in how much weight they can carry without it seeming to affect their metabolism – 70 per cent of severely obese people do not have diabetes.”

The team has already started a larger trial involving 280 patients to see if the results can be replicated. That trial, which reports back in 2018, will examine whether dieting can reverse type 2 diabetes in all patients, or if only certain people respond.

The number of people with diabetes has soared by two-thirds in the last decade, fuelled by Britain’s obesity epidemic. Last year the number topped 4million for the first time. Nine out of ten have type 2. The rest have the genetic form, type 1, an irreversible auto-immune disease which is nothing to do with lifestyle.

“I lost 2st and now eat normally. It’s changed my life”

In just two months Allan Tutty’s life changed. A crash diet lasting eight weeks slashed two and a half stone from his frame and reversed his type 2 diabetes.

The father of four had never felt fat, but scans showed a layer of blubber around his internal organs. Mr Tutty, 57, from Sunderland in the UK, said: “I was diagnosed with type 2 diabetes around May 2011 during routine checks by my GP. While I didn’t feel fat, I was fat – on the inside. I’ve seen a scan of my liver and you can see the fat around it.”

Mr Tutty, who manages a brain injury unit at a care home and weighed more than 95 kilograms before the diet, added: “I took part in the Newcastle University research, spending eight weeks on a very low calorie diet which was really tough over Christmas and New Year but I was determined to complete it.

“In the two months, I lost two and a half stone and my pancreas was working within normal limits. With my diabetes in remission, I haven’t looked back. I eat normal foods, though I eat less than I used to, and I enjoy takeaways and chocolate but not on a regular basis so I have maintained my lower weight. My life has changed completely thanks to this research.”

– Daily Mail

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